A STUDY ON THE INFLUENCING FACTORS OF JUNIOR MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS’ SELF-CONFIDENCE
Journal: Advanced Management Science (AMS)
Author: Yuchen Fang, Ting Yu, Zhuqing Chen, Yinan Xu, Liyan Sun
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited
This study aimed to understand the present situation of adolescents’ self-confidence and its influencing factors, so as to provide reference for the cultivation of adolescents’ self-confidence. A stratified random sampling method was used to investigate junior high school students in a middle school in Tongxiang City, Zhejiang Province from March to June 2022 according to the self-made questionnaire and the middle school students’ self-confidence questionnaire. A total of 300 students were investigated, including 164 boys and 136 girls. The study found that there was no significant difference in the total self-confidence scores of junior high school students in family type (F = 0.564, P = 0.569), different grades (F = 0.409, P = 0.665), and only child (t = 0.486, P = 0.541). There were significant differences in the total scores of self-confidence in academic achievements (F = 21.096, P = 0.000), father’s educational background (F = 3.939, P = 0.009), mother’s educational background (F = 5.017, P = 0.002), family economic situation (F = 12.455, P = 0.000), parent-child relationship (F = 4.060, P = 0.008) and family rearing style (F = 4.060, P = 0.008). Girls are higher than boys in the dimensions of moral self-confidence and ability self-confidence. Students who are class cadres are higher than non-class cadres in all five dimensions of the self-confidence scale. Gender, whether to be a class leader, academic achievements, father’s education, mother’s education, family economic situation, parent-child relationship and family rearing style are important factors affecting self-confidence. We can improve the self-confidence of teenagers by actively serving as class cadres, improving academic achievements, closing parent-child relations, and improving family rearing methods.